Published 2 Muḥarram, 1432
While anyone who rejects ruling by Qiyās [analogical derivation] and other manmade principles could be added to this list, these are some of those who became known for adhering to the zahir [apparent meaning] of the revelation and who taught this understanding. To proceed:
Dawud: Dawud ibn ‘Ali ibn Khalaf al-Asbahani Abū Sulaiman al-Baghdadi az-Zahiri; the imam [leader; scholastic leader], the hafiz [preserver, of narrations], the faqih [jurist], the mujtahid [diligent]; learned from Ishaq ibn Rahawaih and Abū Thaur; born in 200; died in 270.
Ibn Abi ‘Asim: Ahmad ibn ‘Amr ibn Abi ‘Asim ash-Shaibani Abū Bakr al-Basri al-Asbahani; the qadi [judicial authority], the imam, the hafiz, the muhaddith [narrator], the zahid [ascetic]; wrote many books and compilations; born in 206; died in 287.
Ibn az-Zahiri: Muḥammad ibn Dawud ibn ‘Ali al-Asbahani Abū Bakr al-Baghdadi; the imam, the faqih, the intelligent, the adib [refined; literary scholar], the poet; known as “Ibn az-Zahiri”; wrote “Kitab az-Zahrah”; learned from his father; died in 299 at the age of 42.
Ruwaim: Ruwaim ibn Ahmad ibn Ruwaim ibn Yazid ash-Shaibani Abū Muḥammad or Abū al-Hasan al-Baghdadi; the qadi, the sufi [ascetic, pious, devoted], the faqih, the trusted; wrote “Ghalat al-Wajidin”; learned from Dawud; died in 303.
Al-Qasani: Muḥammad ibn Ishaq al-Qasani Abū Bakr az-Zahiri; learned from Dawud.
Ar-Raqi: Al-Hasan ibn ‘Ubaid; ar-Raqi Abū Sa’id an-Nahrabani; wrote “Ibtal al-Qiyās”.
Ar-Radi’: Muḥammad ibn ‘Ubaid Allāh ibn Khalaf; known as “ar-Radi’”.
Niftawaih: Ibrahim ibn Muḥammad ibn ‘Arafah al-Azdi al-’Ataki Abū ‘Abd Allāh al-Wasiti al-Baghdadi; known as “Niftawaih”; the imam, the nahawi [grammarian], the faqih; wrote some books; learned from Dawud and Ibn az-Zahiri; born in 244; died in 323.
Ibn al-Mughlis: ‘Abd Allāh ibn Ahmad ibn Muḥammad ibn al-Mughlis Abū al-Hasan al-Baghdadi ad-Dawudi az-Zahiri; the imam, the faqih; learned from Ibn Dawud; wrote “Kitab al-Mudih”; died in 324.
Ibn Sa’id: Mundhir ibn Sa’id al-Kazni Abū al-Hakam al-Baluti al-Qurtubi al-Andalusi; the state qadi, the faqih, the adib, the khatib [eloquent speaker; sermonizer]; born in 265; died in 355.
Abū Nasr: Yusuf ibn ‘Umar ibn Muḥammad ibn Yusuf ibn Ya’qub ibn Isma’il ibn Hammad ibn Zaid al-Azdi Abū Nasr al-Baghdadi ad-Dawudi az-Zahiri; the state judge, son of the state judge, son of the state judge; born in 305; died in 356.
Haidarah: Haidarah ibn ‘Umar ibn al-Hasan ibn al-Khattab as-Saghani Abū al-Hasan or Abū al-Qasim az-Zandawardi ad-Dawudi; the faqih; learned from Ibn al-Mughlis; died in 358.
Ash-Sha’ar: Ahmad ibn Bandar ibn Ishaq ash-Sha’ar Abū ‘Abd Allāh al-Asbahani az-Zahiri; the hafiz; learned from Ibn Abi ‘Asim; died in 359.
Ibn Ukht Walid: ‘Abd Allāh ibn Muḥammad ibn Ukht Walid al-Misri; the qadi; learned from Ibn al-Mughlis.
Ibn Khalid: ‘Ali ibn Khalid al-Basri; the faqih; learned from Ibn al-Mughlis.
Al-Barmaki: ‘Ali ibn Bandar ibn Isma’il ibn Musa ibn Yahya ibn Khalid ibn Barmak al-Barmaki al-Baghdadi; learned from Ibn al-Mughlis.
‘Ali ibn Muḥammad: ‘Ali ibn Muḥammad al-Mansuri al-Baghdadi maula [freed slave; patron; client] of Muḥammad ibn Salih al-Mansuri.
Abū al-’Abbas: Ahmad ibn Muḥammad ibn Salih ibn ‘Abd Rabbih Abū al-’Abbas al-Mansuri; the imam, the qadi; wrote “Kitab an-Nir”; learned from ‘Ali ibn Muḥammad.
Bishr: Bishr ibn al-Husain Abū Sa’id ash-Shirazi az-Zahiri; the faqih, the qadi of Persia and Iraq; learned from ‘Ali ibn Muḥammad; died in 376.
Abū al-Hasan al-Kharazi: ‘Abd al-’Aziz ibn Ahmad al-Kharazi or al-Khuzi Abū al-Hasan al-Baghdadi; the imam, the qadi; learned from Bishr ibn al-Husain; died in 391.
Abū Bakr al-Baghdadi: Muḥammad ibn ‘Umar ibn Muḥammad ibn Isma’il ibn ‘Ubaid Allāh ibn al-Akhdar Abū Bakr al-Baghdadi; the qadi; learned from Abū al-Hasan al-Kharazi.
Abū ‘Ali ad-Dawudi: Abū ‘Ali ad-Dawudi’ al-Fairuzabadi; the qadi.
Abū al-Faraj al-Fami: ‘Abd al-Wahhab ibn Muḥammad ibn ‘Abd al-Wahid ibn Muḥammad al-Fami Abū al-Faraj ash-Shirazi; the qadi; learned from Bishr ibn al-Husain; died in 414.
Abū Bakr al-Muqri: Ahmad ibn Muḥammad ibn Isma’il Abū Bakr az-Zahiri; the muqri [cantor; Qur`ān reciter].
Ibn Banan: Muḥammad ibn Banan Abū Bakr.
Yusuf ibn ‘Umar: Yusuf ibn ‘Umar ibn Muḥammad ibn Yusuf Abū Nasr; completed “Kitab al-Ijaz” by Ibn Dawud; died in 356.
Ibn Ḥazm: ‘Ali ibn Ahmad ibn Sa’id ibn Hazm ibn Ghalib ibn Salih ibn Khalaf al-Yazidi al-Amawi maula of Yazid ibn Abi Sufyan Abū Muḥammad al-Andalusi az-Zahiri; the imam, the hafiz, the wazir [political minister], the faqih, the adib; wrote many books; born in 384; died in 456.
Al-Hamidi: Muḥammad ibn Fatuh ibn ‘Abd Allāh ibn Fatuh ibn Hamid ibn Batal al-Hamidi Abū ‘Abd Allāh al-Mayuraqi al-Andalusi; the imam, the hafiz, the faqih; wrote many books; learned from Ibn Ḥazm; born in 420; died in 488.
Ibn al-Qaisarani: Muḥammad ibn Tahir ibn ‘Ali ibn Ahmad al-Qaisarani ash-Shaibani Abū al-Fadl al-Maqdisi ad-Dawudi; the imam, the hafiz, the sufi; wrote “Safwah at-Tasawwuf”; born in 448; died in 507.
Al-’Abdari: Muḥammad ibn Sa’dun ibn Marja al-’Abdari al-Qurashi Abū ‘Amir al-Mayuraqi al-Andalusi al-Baghdadi; the imam, the hafiz; learned from al-Hamidi; died in 524.
Al-Mansur: Ya’qub ibn Yusuf ibn ‘Abd al-Mumin ibn ‘Ali al-Kumi al-Qaisi Amir al-Muminin Abū Yusuf al-Mansur al-Muwahhidi; the amir [commander, leader] of the Muwahhidin, the mujahid [struggler; soldier for Allāh]; born in 554; died in 595.
Abū ‘Abd Allāh at-Tilimsani: Muḥammad ibn ‘Abd Allāh ibn Marwan Abū ‘Abd Allāh al-Wahrani at-Tilimsani; the faqih, the adib, the state qadi for al-Mansur and his son an-Nasir; died in 601.
Ibn Sayyid an-Nas: Muḥammad ibn Ahmad ibn ‘Abd Allāh ibn Muḥammad ibn Yahya ibn Sayyid an-Nas al-Ya’muri Abū Bakr al-Ishbili al-Andalusi; the imam, the hafiz, the khatib, the faqih; wrote some books; born in 557; died in 618.
Ibn Baqi: Ahmad ibn Yazid ibn ‘Abd Ar-Raḥmān ibn Ahmad al-Amawi maula Abū al-Qasim al-Baghawi al-Qurtubi al-Andalusi; the state qadi, the imam, the poet; born in 537; died in 625.
Ibn Duhayyah: ‘Umar ibn al-Hasan ibn ‘Ali ibn Muḥammad al-Kalbi Abū al-Khattab ad-Dani as-Sabti al-Andalusi al-Misri; the qadi, the hafiz, the faqih, the adib; born in 544; died in 633.
Ibn ar-Rumiyah: Ahmad ibn Muḥammad ibn Mufarraj ibn ‘Abd Allāh az-Zuhri al-Amawi maula Abū al-’Abbas al-Ishbili al-Andalusi; the botanist, the herbologist; the hafiz, the naqid [critic; scholar of narrators], the faqih; wrote “al-Hafil”; born in 561; died in 637.
Abū Hayyan: Muḥammad ibn Yusuf ibn ‘Ali ibn Yusuf ibn Hayyan an-Nifzi al-Barbari Athir ad-Din Abū Hayyan al-Jayyani al-Gharanati al-Andalusi al-Misri; the imam, the hafiz, the faqih, the muhaddith [narrator; scholar of narrations], the mufassir [explainer; exegete]; wrote a famous tafsir [explanation; exegesis of the Qur`ān]; born in 654; died in 745.
Ibn al-Burhan: Ahmad ibn Muḥammad ibn Isma’il ibn ‘Abd ar-Rahim ibn Yusuf ibn Shamir at-Taimi Shihab ad-Din Abū Hashim al-Misri az-Zahiri; the imam, the da’i [caller; missionary]; spoke against king Barquq to establish a Qurashi khilafah; born in 754; died in 808.
Note: This list is incomplete. We ask Allāh (mighty, majestic) to bless us with the time to complete this list. Amin! And praise belongs to Allāh the Lord of the worlds.